Analysis of Pictures
The students should
first look and read about the pictures of the Majdanek. Then,
the review questions should be used to develop an in-class discussion.
Questions are meant to provide focus in such a discussion.
Student interaction and input is necessary. This activity
should not be developed as a lecture.
This image shows the close-knit structure
of the housing complexes of the Majdanek prisoners. Within
the wooden building, room was small and packed. Wooden, three
layer bunk beds allow for this massive packing of people.
This picture demonstrates the inside of the Majdanek gas chamber.
The Zyclon B gas used during the executions caused the blue discoloration
of the walls. Nail marks can be seen scratched into the walls
The picture (top picture), taken directly after
the Soviet takeover of the Majdanek camp, shows Soviet soldiers
standing on the pile of shoes that belonged to the dead inmates.
Such inmates were first
gassed and then carried to Krematoriums (German for crematory) where
their bodies were burnt to ashes. The crematorium in Majdanek
(inside view left, outside view bottom) burnt such an enormous amount
of people that the ashes were collected into a giant mound and were
surrounded by a structure as a monument.
Picture: The monument of ashes at Majdanek,
built by the Nazi's and labeled "the temple".
Outside, it reads: "Let our fate be a warning to
you." Inside, the
monument contains a hill of ashes of all the Jewish prisoners that
were cremated at the camp. (http://www.bonder.com/tour/
History Place Holocaust Timeline: Majdanek
Concentration Camp Liberated
March of the Living