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Frederick Douglass-was born a slave in Tuckahoe, Maryland. The wife of his masterhelped him educate himself. As a young man, he fled to Massachusetts, a free state,where he began to work for the abolition of slavery. He wrote an autobiography, which was widely read, and published a newspaper that discussed the evils of slavery and discrimination. He talked about the problems of American blacks with U.S. President Abraham Lincoln many times, and during the U.S. Civil War he helped recruit blacks for the Union Army.